As the world raced throughout the month to respond to COVID-19, several multilaterals sounded the alarm over indirect global health effects of the disease, including increased morbidity and mortality from other causes.
Governments and NGOs are postponing immunizations and other infectious disease efforts due to Covid-19, causing a major disruption to services for prevention or treatment of malaria, measles, polio, and tuberculosis, with grave implications for global health.
At a celebratory event at WHO headquarters on World Polio Day, October 24, David Salisbury, chair of the independent Global Commission for the Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication, officially declared wild poliovirus type 3 eradicated. The last type 3 case was seen in Nigeria in 2012. Type 2 was declared eradicated in 2015; its last case was in India in 1999. Wild poliovirus type 1 continues to circulate in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) released this month an updated endgame roadmap document outlining its approach to polio eradication, integration, containment and certification. The GPEI Polio Endgame Strategy 2019–2023, developed in broad consultation with GPEI partners and stakeholders around the world, highlights issues including gender, research and development, and Post-Certification Strategy (PCS) implementation.